Root Canal Treatment
Root Canal Treatment
Inside your tooth, beneath the white enamel and a hard layer called dentin, is a soft tissue called pulp. This tissue contains blood vessels, nerves and connective tissue, which help grow the root of your tooth during its development. A fully developed tooth can survive without the pulp because the tooth continues to be nourished by the tissues surrounding it.
Root canal treatment is designed to eliminate bacteria from an infected root canal, prevent reinfection of the tooth and save the natural tooth. When one undergoes a root canal, the inflamed or infected pulp is removed and the inside of the tooth is carefully cleaned and disinfected, then filled and sealed.
What happens during root canal treatment?
A modern root canal treatment is similar to that of a routine filling and can usually be completed in 1-2 appointments, depending on the condition of your tooth. Getting a root canal treatment is relatively painless and extremely effective. You’ll soon be smiling, biting and chewing with ease in no time.
Advantages of saving the Natural Tooth:
- Efficient chewing
- Normal biting force and sensation
- Natural appearance
- Protects other teeth from excessive wear or strain
How do you know if you need a root canal?
Root canals are needed for a cracked tooth from injury or genetics, a deep cavity, or issues from a previous filling. Patients generally need a root canal when they notice their teeth are sensitive, particularly to hot and cold sensations.
Symptoms that mean you might need a root canal:
- Extreme pain while chewing or biting
- A chipped or cracked tooth
- Sensitivity to hot or cold, even after the sensation has been removed
- Swollen or tender gums
- Deep decay or darkening of the gums
Do you need a crown after a Root Canal Treatment?
Needing a crown after a root canal depends highly on the location of the tooth in the mouth—teeth towards the back of the mouth like molars and premolars are needed more for chewing, and generally require crowns, where incisors or canines which aren’t needed for chewing don’t always require crowns.
What to do after a Root Canal Treatment?
After the treatment is completed, make sure to follow all of your dentist’s instructions, which most often include avoiding hard or especially chewy foods, brushing twice a day, and being very cautious around the area where the root canal procedure was completed.